Phases of history of health development


The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

Phases of history of health development

  • Phase of Disease control (1880-1920)
    • Not only the control of particular disease(s)
    • Control of man’s physical environment through sanitary legislation and reform.
  • Phase of Health Promotion (1920-1960)
    • Mother and child health
    • School health
    • Industrial health
    • Mental health
    • Public health nursing
    • Provision of basic health care
  • Phase of Social Uplift (1960-1980)
    • New diseases and disorders of chronic nature emerged as public health problems;
    • Cancer
    • Cardiovascular diseases
    • Diabetes
    • Drug dependence
    • Could not explain by germ theory or tackled by traditional approaches.
    • Social and behavioral risk factors
  • Phase of Health for All (1980-2000)
    • Health is a human right
    • Not uniformly dispensed to entire population
    • A vast majority of population was beyond any access of health services

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